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She explicitly claimed that she could not have both because the movement was too important and thus had to take precedence over herself and her personal desires; it was larger than her or any individual, which is why she chose to suffer through the backlash of the movement’s contentious proclamation. Because of her unconventional strategies to demand justice, rather than waiting patiently for it, women received the right to vote. Alice Paul was arrested on October 20, 1917. Iron Jawed Angels is a 2004 American historical drama film directed by Katja von Garnier.The film stars Hilary Swank as suffragist leader Alice Paul, Frances O'Connor as activist Lucy Burns, Julia Ormond as Inez Milholland, and Anjelica Huston as Carrie Chapman Catt.It received critical acclaim after the film premiered at the 2004 Sundance Film Festival. He even told her that she’s happier without a political voice.
In reality, it was widely known that the women were being mistreated in such a way. From the parade, to the White House Picketing, to the women's imprisonment, the historical timeline of the movie was pretty accurate with some small deviations here and there. By including this well written letter in the article, Paul is framed very positively and the government and prison officials are framed negatively for their treatment of the women. Ben Weissman, although fictional, was used strategically as a device to expose Alice Paul’s human desire for family as an opposing force against her fight for suffrage. Change ). The filmmakers did a great job of portraying the historic events. were entirely fictional, they were included with purpose. But Alice’s tactics quickly clashed with those of NAWSA. This aggression was meant to symbolize the internal conflict she and other suffragists were forced to overcome for the cause. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. However, this attitude changed, albeit reluctantly and slowly, with Emily’s metamorphosis into an activist. The film was released in the United States on February 15, 2004. They find that their ideas are too forceful for the established suffragist leaders in the U.S., particularly Carrie Chapman Catt, but they are allowed to lead the NAWSA Congressional Committee in D.C. The Leightons were fictional, but strategically implemented. [11], The film was also portrayed Paul welcoming Ida B. Wells-Barnett with a smile when Wells-Barnett joined the procession from the mass of spectators along the route. This suggests that Paul needed the assistance of a newspaperman to get publicity for her activist campaign, when in reality, Paul was a highly-talented publicist in her own right. His wife, Edith Wilson, was however a proponent of women’s suffrage. News of their treatment leaks to the media after Emily secretly passes a letter to her husband during his visit. "HOUSE MOVES FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE; Adopts by 181 to 107 Rule to Create a Committee to Deal with the Subject. Her husband, a powerful senator, was obviously anti-suffrage, apparent in his comments that oozed stereotypical ways of thinking about gender roles. The pair presents a plan to the National American Woman's Suffrage Association (NAWSA) to campaign directly in Washington D.C. for national voting rights for women. Director Katja von Garnier created a 21st-century soundtrack and remade the early 20th-century suffragists into "third-wave" feminists that would be more familiar to modern audiences. National American Woman's Suffrage Association, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film, Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film, Outstanding Casting for a Miniseries, Movie, or a Special, Outstanding Cinematography for a Miniseries or a Movie, Outstanding Costumes for a Miniseries, Movie, or a Special, Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie, Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries, Movie, or a Dramatic Special, Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film, Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film, Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie, Outstanding Period/Fantasy Television Series, "Interview with Paul Fischer at the Sundance Film Festival in 2004". The Leighton’s did not exist and President Wilson was not entirely coherent when he made the initial proclamation of his support for women’s suffrage. In 1910, Paul returned to the United States to join the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) where she became the chairman of the congressional committee. She initially walked by suffragists with wide eyes and a shut mouth. “The Pankhurst women (mother and two daughters) were leaders of a militant faction of suffragettes whose motto was ‘Deeds not words.’  Believing that prayer, petitions, and patience was not enough to successfully enfranchise women, the Pankhurst’s engaged in direct and visible measures, such as heckling, window smashing, and rock throwing, to raise public aware about the suffrage issue” (“Alice Paul: Feminist, Suffragist and Political Strategist,” 2010). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The sentinels, including Alice Paul, spent grueling months thereafter in the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia. [11] The depiction of Alice Paul's sexuality in the film had no basis in historic fact; Paul was single-minded in her devotion to winning suffrage for women. This New York Times article frames the government as being heroic in trying to save their lives, while the movie does just the opposite and frames Paul as the hero. Although her desires for love and family still existed, illustrated through her romance with Ben and her interaction with his child, she was the leader of the National Woman's Party. However, he was finally convinced by the cause when it reached a crescendo when several women were arrested, illegally jailed, and force-fed to combat a hunger strike. The film Iron Jawed Angels begins in 1912 when Alice Paul, along with her friend and fellow suffragist, Lucy Burns, arrive in Washington D.C. to organize and gain support for the suffrage movement that would later become the 19th Amendment.

Alice Paul’s fierce actions to demand equality were a major factor that led to the ratification of the 19th Amendment. Senator Tom Leighton visits his wife Emily, one of the imprisoned women.
Wilson, who was initially neither against nor for suffrage (history books suggest that he was “lukewarm” on the subject), finally acted to get a legislation passed that would allow women suffrage because his wife, Edith Wilson, who was very much an outspoken advocate, argued for it constantly, and because, after beratement by suffragists at protests in front of the white house that preceded their mistreatment in prison, he’d had enough. Arrests started on June 22, 1917 when the suffragists started holding banners about Wilson’s hypocrisy on fighting for democracy abroad but not in the United States. Iron Jawed Angels is a 2004 American historical drama film directed by Katja von Garnier. It is our business to see that they get it.” ~Alice Paul. Alice Paul and Her Character in "Iron Jawed Angels" "Lost Bags, at 140 Characters, and Airlines Respond" → Suffrage is an extremely important human right which has to be protected, and governments have to guarantee it to people. ( Log Out /  [13] The movie even creates a fictional character to play a love interest for Paul, cartoonist Ben Weissman. From protests in bitterly cold weather that bore signs painted with Wilson’s seemingly hypocritical words about equality and America - he was initially against suffrage - to jailhouse hunger strikes, the civil rights activists of the Women’s National Party pushed through a misogynistic society’s negative and often violent reaction. For allowing protestors to be imprisoned without a serious accusation of unlawful doings, hence qualifying the suffragists as political prisoners, the public became uneasy, with some even calling Wilson tyrannical for allowing the situation to have devolved so intensely. Most strategies Paul took in order to get support and involvement came from her experience as a suffragist in England. utilizes an array of devices and characters, both factual and fictional,to illustrate the fight for women’s suffrage that resulted in the passing of the 19th amendment under President Woodrow Wilson on June 4, 1919. Characters-"Iron Jawed Angels" study guide by literacybug includes 8 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. This ultimately represented the all-consuming sacrifice that had to be made to gain the right to vote. He made powerful proclamations in a speech to congress, even including that women were entitled to inclusion in government for their role in aiding America during the war, “, we have made partners of the women in this war…Shall we admit them only to a partnership of suffering and sacrifice and toil and not to a partnership of privilege and right?”. In November, President Wilson reversed his stance on the ratification and the suffragist’s charges were dropped. After disagreements over fundraising, Paul and Burns are forced out of the NAWSA, and they found the National Woman's Party (NWP) to support their approach. While none of the major characters in Iron Jawed Angels is younger than 18, teenagers can easily identify with these women, denied the right to vote, denied control over any substantial money, their interests dismissed by condescending politicians. [14] Wells-Barnett marched with two white Illinois women who had supported her right to march with the state delegation: Belle Squire and Virginia Brooks.[15]. "[10], Historians have been critical about the movie for several reasons. [11] Paul marched in the college section in her cap and gown, not with the Illinois delegation that Wells-Barnett joined. They start by organizing the 1913 Woman Suffrage Procession on the eve of President Woodrow Wilson's inauguration.

The film clearly expressed this, but it did so with some key fictional components that tied into each other.

In fact, he had a serious spout of strokes that had left him temporarily mentally unsound during the time of it passage. The film derives its title from Massachusetts Representative Joseph Walsh, who in 1917 opposed the creation of a committee to deal with women's suffrage. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. “I think if we get freedom for women, then they are probably going to do a lot of things that I wish they wouldn’t do; but it seems to me that isn’t our business to say what they should do with it. This article from The New York Times frames Alice Paul as a manipulative and irrational person. The film Iron Jawed Angels begins in 1912 when Alice Paul, along with her friend and fellow suffragist, Lucy Burns, arrive in Washington D.C. to organize and gain support for the suffrage movement that would later become the 19 th Amendment.

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