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The treaty opened for signature on June 3 and now has 114 signatories. Here are some killer facts about the global arms trade, based on data collected by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), The Small Arms Survey, and Uppsala Conflict Data Program. This is their sovereign right and responsibility, to be performed in conformity with the rule of law. Trump, April 27: Just yesterday, I announced that my administration is unsigning the U.N. Arms Trade Treaty. The ATT breaks new ground by establishing common international standards that must be met before states may authorize transfers of conventional weapons. Otherwise, we'll assume you're OK to continue. Even though the Arms Trade Treaty has been in place for four years, global arms trade is still on the rise. The illegal small arms trade is a global phenomenon, but is particularly concentrated in areas of armed conflict. Eight million new small arms and up to 15 billion rounds of ammunition are manufactured each year. In fact, the preamble makes specific reference to the legitimate trade, lawful ownership and use of certain conventional arms for recreational, cultural, historical and sporting activities. 1211 Connecticut Ave NW, 8th Floor, Washington, DC 20036.

Killer Facts: The scale of the global arms trade. Its stated aim is usually to help allies or poor countries fight terrorism, counter-insurgencies or to help suppress drug production. Global exports and imports of major conventional weapons, See the full list of States Parties and signatories. After more than 20 years of campaigning by Amnesty International and partner NGOs in the Control Arms Coalition, the UN General Assembly voted decisively to adopt the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) text in April 2013.

2,436,351 people have died in armed conflicts since 1989 – with over 77320 in 2018 –, 2017 saw a dramatic increase in the number of violent deaths worldwide, with. In 2009, 151 UN Member States voted to begin negotiations towards a legally binding Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).

Another 29 countries signed the treaty but have not ratified it yet.

The top 100 arms companies have sold over 5 trillion dollars’ worth of arms since 2002.

The US, the UK and France are responsible for around 70% of all exports of major conventional weapons to the Middle East. “These groups want the American public to believe that the ATT infringes on U.S. sovereignty and Second Amendment rights. We will never allow foreign bureaucrats to trample on your Second Amendment freedom. Corruption in developing countries definitely must be high on the priority lists (and is increasingly becoming so in the wake of the global financial crisis), but so too must it be on the priority lists of rich countries.

While every nation has the right and the need to ensure its security, in these changing times, arms requirements and procurements may need to change too. The treaty applies not just to military hardware like tanks and other armored vehicles, artillery, combat airplanes and helicopters, warships, missiles and missile launchers, but also “small arms and light weapons.”. Subscribe to RT newsletter to get stories the mainstream media won’t tell you, A firearms store in Provo, Utah, June 21, 2016. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. Every year, an assessment is conducted to analyze the ‘overriding’ risk that potential arms exports could contribute to serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.

Speaking at the annual meeting of the National Rifle Association (NRA) in Indiana on Friday, Trump announced he was withdrawing the ATT from the Senate ratification process, effectively killing it despite the 2013 signature by his predecessor, Barack Obama. Since the early 1990s there has been efforts to review and develop arms-transfer principles and codes of conduct to ensure that arms are not sold to human rights violators.

It was joined by 101 countries, and is in effect in 100 of them. Corruption often accompanies arms sales due to the large sums of money involved. In the ‘triangular trade,’ arms and textiles went from Europe to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Americas, and sugar and coffee from the Americas to Europe.

But Trump is making unsupported claims about the treaty that are similar to ones spread in a viral email we debunked years ago — before the ATT was even finalized. Military aid can be controversial. The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) joins the long list of UN pacts and bodies that President Donald Trump has pulled out of. The ATT breaks new ground by establishing common international standards that must be met before states may authorize transfers of conventional weapons. COVID-19 Notice: To protect the health of our team and our community, Stimson Center staff are working remotely. While that definitely needs to happen, the rich countries themselves are often active in the largest forms of corruption in those poor countries, and many economic policies they prescribe have exacerbated the problem. The US Army maintain that the school was set up to preserve democracy. And in his waning days in office, he sent the treaty to the Senate to begin the ratification process. 30 Jun. 5 There are more than 875 million firearms in the world, 75 per cent of them in the hands of civilians. Refunds of donations. The Stimson Center, along with the Arms Control Association, hosted a panel discussion that explored the background and basics on the Arms Trade Treaty; what the ATT requires the United States to do, and what it does not; key obstacles to bringing the treaty into force; and key steps to ensure the ATT is effective and robust. The 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council (US, Russia, France, United Kingdom and China), together with Germany and Italy account for around 85% of the arms sold between 2004 and 2011.   |   It aims to “prevent and eradicate the illicit trade in conventional arms” by prohibiting cross-border sales when U.N. arms embargoes would be violated, or when exporting nations suspect the weapons would be used by importers to commit war crimes, genocide, terrorism or other offenses against civilians.

Arms corporations benefit from alliances like NATO and conflicts such as Kosovo, where opportunity for sales increases. 08 Nov. 2020. 7. However, for various political and profit reasons, some nations seem unwilling to agree to a code of conduct. Share this story! Permissions Read “Arms Trade Links for more information” to learn more. As world leaders meet to discuss the treaty, we must remind them that there is still work to do. It does not restrict or hinder the Second Amendment, nor does it create a national gun registry. 2012 saw the first dip in spending — only slightly —since 1998, in an otherwise rising trend. In 2014-2018, these were the top clients of the top 5 exporters: If you are talented and passionate about human rights then Amnesty International wants to hear from you. This website uses cookies. In modern conflicts over 80 percent of all casualties have been civilian.

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