glaucus god

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As Glaucus continually focuses on Scylla, ignoring Circe’s advances, Circe brews Glaucus a potion; while Circe explains that she has given Glaucus a love potion, the potion’s actually turns Scylla’s lower body into a mass of rabid dogs.

x. Mnaseas’ “History of the Affairs of Europe, Book III” claims Glaucus to be descended from Anthedon and Alcyone, the latter of whom was one of Atlas’ daughters and who later became a star through Zeus’ influence. Of Anthedon in Boeotia, a fisherman, who had the good luck to eat a part of the divine herb which Cronos had sown, and which made Glaucus immortal. The “Half Iambics” of Promathides say Glaucus is the son of King Polybus and Euboea.

He was originally a mortal fisherman, but turned immortal upon eating a magical herb. 158.) That the myths contained a considerable element of fiction was recognized by the more critical Greeks, such as the philosopher Plato in the 5th–4th century bce. [6], Athenaeus, referring to Aristotle's non-extant Constitution of Delos, related that Glaucus settled in Delos together with the Nereids and would give prophecies to whoever asked for them. Prophecy, in religion, a divinely inspired revelation or interpretation.

[6], Glaucus was reported to have had male lovers as well: Nicander in Europia mentioned Nereus as one, while Hedylus of Samos (or Athens) wrote that it was out of love for Melicertes that Glaucus threw himself into the sea. Another version made him spring into the sea for love of the sea god Melicertes, with whom he was often identified. Hello! In Greek mythology, Glaucus was the name of the following figures: Glaucus caught the hare and brought it to a spring, rubbing it with some of herbs he found nearby. Glaucus was a mortal in Greek mythology, who became immortal by eating a magical herb and turned into a prophetic god of the sea..

Glaucus’ heritage is a bit muddy and there are four sources which claim different parents.

[13] He found a magical herb which could bring the fish he caught back to life, and decided to try eating it. It was believed that he came to the rescue of sailors and fishermen in storms, having earlier earned a living from the sea himself. In the 'Falco' series of novels by Lindsey Davis, Glaucus is the name of Falco's personal trainer. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In Greek mythology, Glaucus was a Greek prophetic sea-god, born mortal and turned immortal upon eating a magical herb. Glaucus then tasted it himself and fell into a state of "divine madness", in which state Zeus made him fling himself into the stormy sea. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The English poet and playwright, Thomas Lodge, wrote a 1589 epyllion (a narrative poem) entitled Scillaes Metamorphosis. Another story claims that Glaucus was running after a hare along Mt. An encounter of Glaucus with the Argonauts was described by Diodorus Siculus[16] and Philostratus the Elder.

[6], Athenaeus also informs that in yet another version followed by Possis of Magnesia, Glaucus (rather than Argus) was the builder and the pilot of Argo. Is Glaucus a God?

Glaucus reconciled the two by letting them know that it had been ordained for Heracles to return to Eurystheus's court and complete his Twelve Labours, and for Polyphemus to found Cius, while Hylas had been abducted by a nymph and married her. If you use any of the content on this page in your own work, please use the code below to cite this page as the source of the content. In art he was depicted as a merman covered with shells and seaweed. The previously mentioned Hymn to Glaucus describes one perspective on how this sea-god-to-be came into the world.

Glaucus, (Greek: “Gleaming”) name of several figures in Greek mythology, the most important of whom were the following: Glaucus, surnamed Pontius, was a sea divinity. (Athen. In her anger, Circe poisoned the pool where Scylla bathed, transforming her into a terrible monster with twelve feet and six heads.

In Greek mythology, Glaucus (/ˈɡlɔːkəs/; Ancient Greek: Γλαῦκος, Glaûkos meaning "glimmering") was a Greek prophetic sea-god, born mortal and turned immortal upon eating a magical herb. [6], Alexander of Aetolia, cited in Athenaeus, related that the magical herb grew on the island Thrinacia sacred to Helios and served as a remedy against fatigue for the sun god's horses. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library, Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. He was further said to have been a clever diver, to have built the ship Argo, an…

Glaucus, grandson of Bellerophon, was a Lycian prince who assisted Priam, king of Troy, in the Trojan War. [6], It is not known if Glaucus had any children, but Pausanias mentions Glaucus of Carystus as an alleged descendant of Glaucus the sea god. While this Glaucus was initially depressed that he would have to spend eternity under the water, the gods Oceanus and Tethys felt he was an agreeable enough to ascend into godhood and learn about prophesies from his new godly friends. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library.

Glaucus's parentage is different in the different traditions: Nereus;[1] Copeus;[2] Polybus (son of Hermes) by Euboea (daughter of Larymnus);[3] Anthedon and Alcyone;[4] or Poseidon and the nymph Naïs.[5][6]. Originally a fisherman from Anthedon in Boeotia, Glaucus accidentally discovered a herb that brought fish back to life and deciding to taste it himself. also above for the version that made Glaucus an Argonaut himself. While some sources spell his name as Glaukos or Glaucos, Glaucus’ name translates as “sea-gray.”. The story goes that the herb made him go mad with divine energies and Zeus needed to intervene by directing Glaucus into the sea during a thunderstorm. [19], According to Ovid and Hyginus, Glaucus fell in love with the beautiful nymph Scylla and wanted her for his wife, but she was appalled by his fish-like features and fled onto land when he tried to approach her.

He also mentions, this time with reference to Nicander, that Apollo was believed to have learned the art of prophecy from Glaucus.[6]. Glaucus was a deity of the sea. What Was Glaucus the God Of? Intrigued, Glaucus tries eating the herb and discovers that while the herb’s magic granted him immortality, it also changes his arms into fins and his legs into a fish tail; some re-tellings simplify things by saying he was turned into a merman. But he replied that trees would grow on the ocean floor and seaweed would grow on the highest mountain before he would stop loving Scylla. This is debatable. Corrections? He had the gift of prophecy and often rescued fishermen sailors, having previously been one. vii. John Tzetzes adds to the above story that Glaucus became "immortal, but not immune to aging".

It was believed that he came to the rescue of sailors and fishermen in storms, having earlier earned a living from the sea himself. Glaucus was knocked overboard during a naval battle between the Argonauts and Etruscans and Zeus decided to bestow Glaucus with godhood. The story of Glaucus's apotheosis was dealt with in detail by Ovid in Metamorphoses and briefly referenced by many other authors. As he worked the seas as a fisherman in his mortal life, Glaucus was commonly seen as an ally to sailors and fishermen whom had the poor fortune of being caught within a storm. Glaucus was a sea-god from the ancient Greek pantheon. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library. c. 48; Claud. The herb made him immortal, but also caused him to grow fins instead of arms and a fish's tail instead of legs (though some versions say he simply became a merman-like being),[14] forcing him to dwell forever in the sea.

In Euripides's play Orestes, Glaucus appeared in front of Menelaus on the latter's voyage home, announcing to him the death of his brother Agamemnon by the hand of Clytaemnestra. Originally a fisherman and diver of Boeotia, he once ate a magical herb and leaped into the sea, where he was changed into a god and [20][21], Euanthes and Theolytus of Methymna also recorded an affair between Glaucus and Ariadne: according to Athenaeus who cites these authors, Glaucus seduced Ariadne as she was abandoned by Theseus on Dia (Naxos). According to the “Bacchic Odes” of Theolytus, Glaucus’s father was Copeus but makes no mention of his mother. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Originally a fisherman and diver of Boeotia, he once ate a magical herb and leaped into the sea, where he was changed into a god and endowed with the gift of prophecy.

According to Athenaeus and Possis, Glaucus, instead of Argus, built and piloted the Argo. While prophecies are not part of his portfolio, Glaucus was also known to use his godly abilities to tell people about their futures. Glaucus, the son of the Cretan king Minos and his wife Pasiphae, fell into a jar of honey, when a child, and was smothered.

Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” claims that Glaucus found a magical herb that could revive the dead fish that he would catch as a fisherman. Dionysus then fought Glaucus over Ariadne and overpowered him, binding his hands and feet with grape vines; he, however, released Glaucus when the latter disclosed his own name and origin., Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A statue of Glaucus was installed in 1911 in the middle of the. During a naval battle between the Argonauts and the Etruscans, he fell into the sea and by the will of Zeus became a sea god. In its narrower sense, the term prophet (Greek prophētēs,…, Greek mythology, body of stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks. contains the story of “Glaucus and Scylla.” This tale covers Glaucus’ difficulty in pursuing the love of Scylla, a nymph, after his transformation into an ugly fishman. There he killed a serpent and, seeing it revived by a companion that laid a certain herb upon it, brought the dead Glaucus back to life with the same herb. While prophecies are not part of his portfolio, Glaucus was also known to use his godly abilities to tell people about their futures.

However, he became immortal by eating a magical herb and he turned into a prophetic god of the sea. Online version at the Topos Text Project. There are three major explanations for Glaucus’ “apotheosis,” his transformation from a human into a divine being.

[7][8][9][10][11][12] According to Ovid, Glaucus began his life as a mortal fisherman living in the Boeotian city of Anthedon. Philostratus the Lemnian (Philostratus Major), This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 01:35. Although prophecy is perhaps most commonly associated with Judaism and Christianity, it is found throughout the religions of the world, both ancient and modern. Glaucus though, was an uncommon god, for Glaucus was born a mortal.

By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. GLAUCUS (Glaukos).

When he found himself opposed in combat to his hereditary friend Diomedes, they ceased fighting and exchanged armour. Glaucus the Mortal.

These herbs revived the hare and Glaucus thought it might do something similar if he ate it. Mar.

Omissions? According to Ovid, he was a seaman who found an herb that brought dead fish to life, so he decided to try it himself. [6], According to Mnaseas, again cited in Athenaeus, Glaucus abducted Syme on a journey back from Asia, and had the island Syme named after her; according to Aeschrion of Samos, Glaucus was the lover of the semi-historical Hydne. Glaucus was a Greek sea god. The seer Polyeidus finally discovered the child but on confessing his inability to restore him to life was shut up in a vault with the corpse. Yet according to Nicanor of Cyrene's Change of Names, Glaucus and the deified Melicertes were one and the same.

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